The Clarkes of Graiguenoe Park

Please note that this article was a pioneering work on the descendents of Rev. Marshal Clarke, and caused the discovery of a great deal of further information. It is followed by a section containing corrections and additions to the original text. No attempt has been made to bring the original information up-to-date, as this is done by the subsequent sections


The Remarkable Mr Clarke

By Ralph Lionel Clarke

Mr. Hare thought him so clever and sensible that he doubted not that he would soon make a rapid fortune"

Dorothea Herbert.

Marshal Clarke appeared in Tipperary society from Donegal in about 1780 with nothing behind him, and proceeded to found a major Anglo-Irish family having links with the families of Banner, Bowen, Blackall, Buckworth, Butler, Butler Kearney, Carden, Going, Gubbins, Hickman, Humphreys, Litton, Lloyd, Long, Maunsell, O'Brien, Roe, Sadleir, Swifte and Vincent. After a long life as clergyman, headmaster and landowner, he died a wealthy man.

We hear of him first from the diarist Dorothea Herbert. Her friend Betty Hare, daughter of the Rev. Patrick Hare, who owned the Diocesan School in Cashel where her brothers Tom and Otway were boarding, came to stay with her in Carrick.

A fine woman. ...never was anyone better prepared for our harum scarums; mad with spirits she was a veteran chief in mischief,"

Her spirits had plenty of scope when the whole party had to visit Castle Blunden to pay respects to Dorothea's aunt on the death of Sir John. Dorothea and Betty were lodged in a small closet on the top floor where there was a window, which looked out onto a lobby. The other side of this lobby was a "barrack room" where the gentlemen guests dressed and slept. The romps included "a nightly serenade from as many fiddles as there were gentlemen. Every hour was frolic and pleasure".

Suddenly the girls were recalled to Carrick because of a visit from Aunt Cuffe, "whom Betty damned most heartily in her jesting way." She was deeply involved in flirtation, having "flattered herself her wit amply made up for her inferiority in personal delicacy."

Poor Betty was about to have greater cause for damning! A few days after the party got back to Carrick Mr. Hare called to collect his daughter on urgent business.

After dinner she and I retired to our room," says Dorothea. "and with many sobs and tears she told me she was going home to be married-her father had provided Mr. Clarke his head usher as her husband. He was a clergyman, but had no fortune but the place of usher and some farms he rented. ...Everyone was astonished that Mr. Hare would dispose of his daughter at fifteen years of age without any settled property."

Nevertheless the wedding took place just before Christmas 1783, and a long and happy marriage it was, blessed by twenty-three children of whom eleven are recorded. The eldest, tactfully called Patrick, was not born until Betty was eighteen, and there is no indication that Betty allowed marriage in any way to curb her high spirits.

She had married a man of great personal charm. Dorothea was by no means easy to please: "We were now introduced to our friends husband, a very handsome agreeable young man."

Marshal was not as young as all that. Educated at Dr. Lamy's school in Raphoe, he had entered Trinity College Dublin as sizar in 1774 at the age of nineteen. He obtained his degree in 1779, and on his nomination to the curacy of Relickmurry (Thurles), he was ordained deacon by the Bishop of Raphoe at Cloyne in 1782. He must have met the Hares in Thurles, and Mr. Hare obviously took a fancy to him, giving him the job of usher to the diocesan school on his ordination.

This spoke well for Marshal because Patrick Hare was not one to suffer fools gladly. "A handsome comely man" (Dorothea Herbert) "he was amazingly clever and sensible, but very severe and satirical where he took a dislike. He was a blunt man and said whatever came uppermost; smart at repartee and clever in his opinions, he made his own way among the great." He had a grand commanding look that frightened Dorothea. Large himself, he delighted in large persons and drew up his six daughters in a row to illustrate his constant position that fat people were better than lean. There is no record of how fine a woman Betty was, but Dorothea merrily teased her with a story of Otway's that she weighed eighteen stone.

She was not the only substantial gift that Marshal received from Patrick Hare ; he also received the school as a marriage portion. This was remarkable because the school was dear to Patrick's heart. He had started it himself in 1768 when he was curate of Clounoulty, leasing for the purpose a large house which still stands in John Street, Cashel, near the cathedral. Perhaps he felt the school was taking up too much of his time and was only too pleased to find a successor in his son-in-law. He certainly had other ambitions. He became Archdeacon and later Vicar General when Charles Agar was appointed Archbishop of Cashel. He was also an impressive Justice of the Peace.

He bought "the beautiful farm of Deer Park", a mile out on the Tipperary road; but for many years he continued to live in half the John Street house while Marshal and the boarders lived in the other part. The plan was evidently for Marshal to take over the general education of the boys while Patrick prepared a few of the older ones for orders.

Dorothea's father, Rev. Nicholas Herbert, was also impressed with Marshal and appointed him in 1784 to be curate of Knockgrafton, one of the three livings of which he was rector. It was a non-residential appointment. Knockgrafton was 22 miles from Carrick-on-Suir but easily accessible from Cashel, and Marshal came out the five miles every Sunday to take the services. However good his sermons, they were not enough to satisfy the parishioners. The Bishop directed that from 1789 the rector himself should reside there for three months in every year at "the barren wilds and parched glebe" (Dorothea). There was no suitable house and a parsonage had to be built to accommodate the Herbert family.

Dorothea was soon reconciled to Knockgrafton by the proximity of her old friends. The Hares and Clarkes frequently feature together in her diaries at dances, suppers and the races. Marshal was his usual courtly self. He was concerned at Dorothea' s initial dislike of the place and begged her to suspend judgement until she became acquainted with the neighbourhood, particularly praising the Roes of Rockwell. Marshal and Betty put much effort into trying to make a match between her and John Roe, but the latter proved intransigent. In her distress, Dorothea depended much upon the kindness of Betty who came out with her two little boys, Patrick and John, to stay for some time at the Parsonage. On Sundays, Marshal came too, bringing with him young Nicholas Herbert who had newly become a boarder and so was unable to get out any other day.

In 1792 the lease of the John Street house was transferred to Marshal Clarke, and the following notice appeared in the Clonmel Gazette of 16th January 1793 :

"The Diocesan School of Cashel will open after vacation on Monday 28th inst. Mr. Clarke has fitted up his house to accommodate a few more boarders with separate beds. The manner in which the young gentlemen under Mr. Clarke have distinguished themselves in College is the best proof of his attention to his school.
Terms of board: tuition, writing, arithmetic and washing-24 gns. a year and five guineas entrance."

Judging by entrances to Trinity College, the school waxed prosperously. The Herbert boys all went there, and so, we guess, did Marshal's nephew from Donegal. Soon there was need for more space. Marshal and Betty built themselves a house in another part of the town, "a beautiful romantic tenement with the rock of Cashel towering magnificently over their garden." The Herbert family spent most of one morning admiring the new house and elegant villa-

In 1798 the whole school moved to "an elegant place called "Abbey" near Tipperary town. At the same time Marshal was appointed curate of Tipperary. It must have been a roomy mansion. Dorothea stayed there in 1801 and reported that both family and scholars had settled in and were very happy and comfortable, a state the Marshal Clarkes usually seemed to enjoy. And so they stayed for the rest of their long lives. In 1809 the lease of the John Street house was sold. In 1816 Patrick Hare died, six years after his wife, and Marshal took on responsibility for the business affairs of Clarkes and Hares indiscriminately. He had no interest in preferment, and did not hand on the school to one of his sons. It carried on happily as the Diocesan School under the name of the Abbey School, Tipperary.

The transactions that he undertook show a responsible and consistent regard for the interests of his family. He left 15,000 in investments and goods, and the lands of Bishopswood, Shanacluen, Cloneross, Rathkea and Coolneheran, having made over a part share of Templenahumey to his eldest son in his lifetime. I

n 1830 at the age of 75 he was appointed rector of Shronell, a hamlet a couple of miles west of the town, but this would be to hold the place for his youngest son Mark, then only 21. Mark witnessed his father's will in 1832 as "clerk of Shronell" and was confirmed as rector on his death in 1833. This will refers to Marshal as "of Cashel" but there is no record that he ever returned there.

According to family tradition, Betty went to live with Mark and was buried at Shronell, but no memory of a church there now exists. She died in 1847 at exactly the same age as her husband. It is sad that there are no traditions of her as an old lady, and whether she kept her mischievous ways to the end. I like to think that Marshal owed to her much of his success as well as his happiness.

The Children of Marshal and Betty Clarke

1. Paddy, their eldest child, born in 1786, met a sad end during the unrest of the famine years. He took after his father as a man of affairs and became a solicitor.

In 1811 he married Mary, the only daughter of Wray and Catharine Palliser Hickman of Clonmel. Catharine, whose husband was dead, was the daughter of John Elliot of Glasshouses or Barrowbank, Portarlington. When Paddy set up his firm of Clarke and Vincent in Kildare Street, Dublin, he lived for a time at Portarlington, and later moved to Mountjoy Square. In a deed of 1819 he is also shown as being of Templenahumey, an estate transferred to him in trust in 1817. He purchased various properties of different Clarke families in different parts of Ireland, and was left in his father's will the lands of Shanacluen.

Mary bore him two sons and three daughters before she died in 1829. He was married twice more, to the daughter of Jonathan Wellington and widow of John Walsh of Walsh Park, and to the daughter of Richard Butler and widow of Capt. William Trench. Neither of these marriages brought him any more children. He bought a small country estate, Rapla, near Nenagh, Co. Tipperary, where he was murdered in 1845. One of his tenants shot him on the road near the entrance gates. Family tradition has it that the man fled to America where he was overheard pacing his room all night muttering, "Ah, Mr. Paddy, will ye never let me be. ..."

His youngest sister Jane Gubbins was remembered as saying on an expedition from Graiguenoe: "You must not make me laugh now because this is where your great uncle Paddy was shot."

His eldest son Wray was born in 1815 in Tipperary, entering T.C.D. in 1832 and receiving his B.A. in 1837. Nothing more is known of him, and he is thought to have died young.

His second son Marshal was born in 1817, but he must have died as an infant, for a single deed is his only mention.

While Patrick's line had no male heirs, the females were prolific. His eldest daughter Catharine married, in 1830, John Vincent of Charlton and Fitzwilliam Square, Dublin, attorney, and son of Rev. George Vincent of Shanagolden House, Co. Limerick. About the same time her first cousin Helena Hare married John's elder brother Berkeley. Both girls called their firstborn George. Further connexions between Clarkes and Vincents add to the confusion. Catharine with strong family pride called her third son Marshal Clarke. Her fourth son Arthur Elliot married Anne Sarah Jane daughter of Robert Marshal Clarke of Mountfield, and her daughter May married his brother Robert Vaughan Clarke of Three Castles (see on under Robert).

His second daughter Eliza married in 1840 William Roe of Rockwell, probably the son of the John Roe to whom Dorothea was so disastrously attracted. John instead had married a "Miss Sankey, daughter to a Counsellor Sankey of Dublin. ..a common drab of the city, a mere strolling miss." Dorothea was in no mood to give Miss Sankey her due. The William Roes had four children, Mary, Mehetabel, John and William. John married a Miss Goold and had a daughter named Ethel. The marriage did not work out and John gave Ethel to his mother to bring up. His wife however kidnapped her and put her in a convent.

William married his first cousin, a Miss Humphreys, and had three sons, Jack, Wray and Villars, and two daughters who married respectively :\1essrs. Beat tie (of the Malacca Civil Service) and Grove Annesley.

His youngest daughter Mary married in 1853 William Humphreys (see BLGI) of Bloomfield, Co. Cork. It is believed that they lived for a time in the old Elliot house at Portarlington. All the present Humphreys family are descended from Mary who died in 1879.

2. John, born in 1787, followed the prevailing trend by becoming a soldier. He was a most engaging little boy. Dorothea Herbert, his godmother, bubbles over about him. "He took it into his head to be very much, in, love with Miss Dolly Herbert; he followed me so about the church it afforded the party great amusement. ...they all laughed heartily at this amour."

His looks marked him out for romance. His portrait shows clear-cut features, a fresh complexion and rather a wild eye. He joined the Cameronians as a subaltern, went to the Peninsula, fought at the battle of Talavera and was wounded at the siege of Badajos. He transferred with the local rank of General to the Spanish Army, which was fighting alongside the British, but was "ill-commanded, ill appointed, moderately disciplined and in most respects inefficient." (Hay) He is rumoured to have fallen in love with the daughter of a Spanish nobleman, but the match was not permitted by her parents; and there was thought to be an illegitimate son who became a barber in Wales. John abducted her from a convent and lost in consequence his appointment with the Spanish Army.

John rose to be Colonel of the 5th Dragoons and fought at Salamanca, Albuera and Vittoria. In the Pyrenees he was captured by the French. He was interviewed by the Duc de Feltre, Henry James William Clarke (1765-1818), Napoleon's Minister of War and general, whose parents had emigrated from Ireland to France. The Duke claimed relationship and offered him a high position in the French Army if he would change his allegiance, which he of course refused to do. For his services he was given a KCB by George IV.

Nothing much is known of his doings after the war. As there were no further prospects in the Army, he retired but never married. He was rather hard up, and used to come and stay with his brother Charles at Graiguenoe Park where he played chess with his niece Sarah. He died in 1854.

The next two brothers were less fortunate in their military careers.

3. Marshal, born in 1789, joined the Honourable East India Company and fought in the Mahratta campaign, about which he wrote a book, but no copy has been found. He died as a Captain in Peronne, France, at the early age of 44 on his way home from India.

4. Samuel, named after his father's favourite brother, joined the 87th Regiment and followed John to the Peninsula. He died of fever as a Captain in 1813.

5. Charles, was born too late (1803) for the war. He was a serious lad who saved his money, entering T.C.D. as pensioner in 1820 at the age of 16, and winning his B.A. degree in 1824. In 1827 he made an excellent marriage to Sarah Otway, daughter of Capt. Loftus Otway Bland RN of the Blandsfort family. A big red-faced man with a powerful personality, Charles's picture looks much like the description of his Grand- father Hare. His wife had money and he inherited money from an uncle with which he acquired lands round Holycross in 1832 and built "a very fine mansion, Graiguenoe Park", 1833-35.

He had a comparatively small family, one son Marshal Neville born in England, and three daughters, Fanny who died young, Sarah, and Elizabeth (Elise). Poor Fanny loved beneath her, and when Charles forbade the match she went into a decline. As she grew weaker, her father relented and said she might marry the man of her choice; but she murmured "Too late, too late," turned her face to the wall and died.

"The Clarkes were wealthy and could make their plans as they chose. The children had all the advantages, education, movement about the world. ...Several Blands lived in Bath, where the Clarkes, to be near them quite often spent the winter".

(Elizabeth Bowen, Bowen's Court, p. 236).

While in Bath, the Clarkes met Robert Cole Bowen of Bowenscourt, who introduced his nephew Robert. Elizabeth Clarke's graceful self-possession, good sense and good manners had already captivated Robert when he had lent her an umbrella on a chance encounter during a Dublin rainstorm. He asked Charles for her hand; but this was not good enough for Charles, who decided that he ought to marry Sarah as being the eldest. Robert however stood firm, and he and Elizabeth were married at St. Lukes Church, Cheltenham, where the Clarkes were spending the following winter (1860).

Some other Cheltenham friends were getting married the same year; Captain Charles Grey, the heir to Fallodon, and Harriet Jane Pearson. Colonel Charles Pearson, Chairman of the North Staffordshire Railway, had moved to Cheltenham from Mave- syn Ridware, near Lichfield, with his wife, mother-in-law and two lovely daughters, and it was not long before Marshal proposed to the other daughter, Mary Elizabeth. They were married in 1864, just two years before his mother Sarah's death.

Marshal, the only son, on his marriage was a strikingly handsome man of 37, firm but delicate features and an intellectual forehead. Educated at Kilkenny College and T.C.D. (fellow commoner) he was called to the Irish Bar and bought a big house, No.11, Fitzwilliam Square. He did not do a great deal in the legal way, but kept a coachman and carriages, gave dinner parties, was a member of the Kildare Street Club; and had a large circle of friends. Here his six children were born.

On the death of his father in 1879 he came in for Graiguenoe Park and divided his time between Holycross and Dublin, taking his children to and fro with him. His apparently ideal existence came to a tragic end in May 1884 when he caught a lung infection while supervising the building of an addition to the house.

Of his sisters, Elise, the mistress of Bowenscourt, had died three years before of smallpox, which she contracted while successfully nursing her son Henry. Sarah, a tall handsome woman, became the much-Ioved model of what a spinster aunt should be, and died in Kensington in 1905 at the age of 76.

This was a critical time for Graiguenoe, with the new heir young Charles just leaving Harrow. After the famine Tipperary had been in an unsettled state. Old Charles was noted for his hasty temper, but he was a shrewd man and much respected. Dissidents dared go no further than carve the picture of a coffin on his gatepost, still to be seen. Fortunately Mary Elizabeth had the ability to rise to the occasion in times of crisis. "She was a woman of high principles, sound commonsense and a sense of justice. She had many good friends and relations who were prepared to give her good advice, and she succeeded in bringing up her children, giving them all a good education and a good start in life." (MFC). She sold the Fitzwilliam Square house, took over the administration of the estate with the help of Cousin Charles Eldon, and saw that young Charles finished his education at Cambridge as planned. When he married, she left the way clear for her daughter-in-Iaw by moving to Athgoe, Hazlehatch, Co. Kildare, with her second daughter Marion. When Marion married John Busfeild she went to live with her eldest daughter Harriet Butler until she died. She had a wing built onto Maiden Hall to provide room for herself and any other children who might come to stay, and she continued to hold a central position in a very large family circle.

It was thus that a Butler house came to be looked upon by the Clarkes as their second home. Young Charles was an exemplary landlord and did much to improve the property. He brought up his family and farmed about 1,000 acres himself with the aid of Cousin Charles. In 1905 he sold his tenants their farms together with 100 acres of his home farm, but this act of goodwill was interpreted as weakness by the United Irish League, which then tried to scare him into selling the rest. Organised mobs paraded round his house behind brass bands, threw stones and broke his windows. For two years from 1908 the local people were compelled to boycott him and all supplies had to be sent down from Dublin.

In 1921 trouble blew up again, and Graiguenoe Park was burned down by armed republicans at midnight on 1st March 1923. Charles, who had undergone a serious operation in 1918, sold the land and never returned to Ireland. He too enjoyed visiting Bath, and he and his wife Bertha, daughter of John Kynaston Cross, M.P. for Bolton, and some time Secretary of State for India, were killed there by a bomb, which struck their hotel during the air raid of 26th April 1942.

The only Marshal Clarke now resident in Ireland is Robert of Pottlerath House, Kilmanagh, a great nephew of Charles.

6. Robert, born in 1804, was very different from Charles. He was gay and careless and spent his money freely. He did not go to university, but at the age of 24 married Sarah J ane, the daughter of Rev. Holford Banner, Rector of Didcot, Berkshire. They lived at Bansha, House, five miles from Tipperary off the Cahir road. Before she died in 1833 she bore him four sons and a daughter:

(i) Robert Vaughan of Three Castles, Co. Kilkenny, who married Paddy's grand- daughter May Vincent in 1873.

(ii) Marshal, Rector of Mountfield, Co. Tyrone, who was educated at Dr. Wards school, Portarlington, St. Bees College, and T.C.D. He served through the Crimean war before taking orders, and died in 1892 in Rathmines. He had two sons, Holford and Henry who both emigrated to Australia, a son Wray, and a daughter. Anne who married Arthur Vincent, May's brother .

(iii) Richard, who went into the .Army and later became Chief Constable of Sussex. He came to stay at Newtown House and was a big stout man like his Uncle Charles.

(iv) Benjamin who spent a short time in a solicitor's office, but emigrated to Australia and was not heard of again.

(i) Sarah, who, judging by the dates, must have been a twin. After his first wife's death, Robert married in 1836 Anne, daughter of Capt. Richard Butler, the 27th Regt. of Castlecomer. By the time of his death in 1868 she had given him another large family:

(v) Charles Eldon, the eldest, married about 1866 Amelia, daughter of William Butler, of Drom, Co. Tipperary. He settled in Holycross, at Newtown House, and helped run the Graiguenoe estate. "Cousin Charlie was a most agreeable personality with plenty of shrewd good humour, some quaint prejudices and a great fund of stories and reminiscence" (MFC). He had two sons, Charles Lionel, who was a great rider at local race meetings, and Cholmondeley, who was brought up with his contemporary Marshal, youngest son of the Graiguenoe family and settled at Hermitage, Holycross. Cholmondeley made a link back to the Hares by marrying his cousin Fanny Carter, granddaughter of Charles Hare, Ist Lord Hemphill. Charles Eldon also had a daughter Blanche Elia (Etty), who married Arthur Cooke of Wheatley Hall (see Burke's PBK) and settled in Canada.

(vi) Henry John was a year younger; he spent some time on a ranch in the Argentine, but his health broke down and he returned home to die of consumption in 1871.

(ii) Mary Jane who married Godwin Swifte of Swiftesheath, Co. Kilkenny, in 1863 as his second, third or only proper wife, upon which matter there was some difference of opinion. Godwin Swifte needs an article to himself.

(iii) Georgina Hannah, who married Lt. Col. Charles James Butler, R. Munster Fusiliers, of Drom, the brother of Charles Eldon's wife. He added the name Kearney on inheriting property. He had three sons and one daughter, and bought Three Castles, Co. Kilkenny, after the death of Robert Vaughan's widow.

(iv) Anne who married in 1867 Peter, afterwards Lord O'Brien of Kilfenore, Lord Chief J ustice of Ireland.

(v) Elizabeth, who, in the same year, married Peter's younger brother Jerome, who died young leaving two sons and a daughter Nathalie. Nathalie married her cousin Godwin Swifte the younger, who perhaps owing to the steadying infusion of Clarke blood, had grown up " An enthusiastic and clever farmer of high character ."(MFC).

(vi) Catharine, who married Thomas the son of Edward Maunsell of Deer Park, Sixmile Bridge, Co. Clare.

MFC writes: These five Miss Clarkes "were all said to have been very good- looking in their youth, and certainly those that I knew retained their charm in their middle and old age; always kind, cheery and hospitable, some rich and some poor, but all making the best of life as they found it."

7. Mark, the youngest son of Marshal and Betty, was born in 1809 in Tipperary, and entered T.C.D. in 1826 as pensioner. He became scholar in 1829 and received his B.A. in 1831. On the death of his father in 1833 he was inducted Rector of Shrone1l, and four years later married Marion, daughter of William Hill of Donneybrook, Doneraile, Co. Cork. He died while bathing in 1848 at Kilkee, Co. Clare. After diving into the sea he was never seen again and is believed to have hit his head on a rock.

He had two sons, Marshal and William. Marshal, born in 1841, went into the Royal Artillery, married Anne, daughter of Maj. Gen. Lloyd, and transferred to the Colonial Service, where he held several distinguished appointments, Resident Commissioner of Basutoland, then of Zululand, and finally of Rhodesia until 1905, when he retired. He had three children, Brian killed in the Great War, Elsie who died unmarried, and Admiral Sir Marshal Llewellyn Clarke KBE. He lost an arm early in life, but would never talk about it. The family believed it had been bitten off by a lion. He was awarded the KCMG.

William was reputed to be very clever, but was less distinguished. He tried a number of jobs, and emigrated to New Zealand, but ended a "dismal disappointed man" and died in 1900.

Two of Mark's four daughters married; Elizabeth to Edward Falconer Lit ton J.P., of Ardavilling, Co. Cork, and Marcella Maria to Robert James Going, Archdeacon of Killaloe, the son of Robert Going of Birdhill.

Mark had four sisters, Helena, Elizabeth, Mary and Jane.

8.Helena married in 1816 Thomas Blackall Buckworth, Capt. in the R. Cheshire Regt. of Militia and grandson of Sir Thomas and Dame Jane Blackall of Dublin. They had one son, Rev. Thomas Buckworth of Cheshire. After his death she married a second time Rev. Holford Banner, the father-in-Iaw of her brother Robert who was by that time noted as being of Bansha where he may have retired.

9. Elizabeth Selina married James Sadleir of Ballyglass and Brookfield in 1816, and had twelve children.

10. Mary married Edward Long of Longfield and Fort Edward Armoyle in 1822, and had thirteen children. He was son of Richard Long.

11. Jane married a Gubbins of Kenmare Castle, Co. Limerick. She is remembered as a cheery old lady, full of fun and "go", but with very little money. She had two children, J oseph Marshal and Elizabeth Anne, but no grandchildren. There is evidence for a second son, Stamer .

Note on the Hares

The Hares came from Kilmaboy, Co. Clare where they were known as O'Hara or O'Hehir (see BLGI under the latter name). According to Abbe Geoghegan's History of Ireland the O'Hara clan was descended fron Olliol Olum, King of the Two Munsters.

Yen Patrick Hare's grandfather was reputed to be Turlocl~ O'Hehir, chief of a sept of the O'Briens, who was banished after the battle of the Boyne and died in France. This sharp lesson in Irish politics caused the family to change their name and become Protestant.

Patrick was born in Clare and entered T. C. D. as a sizar 11 J une 1754 at the age of 18. He became a scholar in 1757, won his B.A. in 1758 and his M.A. in 1764. On ordination he was appointed curate of Clounalty, and he married Mary the daughter of John Crozier of Magheradumbar, Co. Fermanagh, in 1767. In 1768 he started the Diocesan School in Cashel. Then he became Vicar of Athassell, Co. Tipperary and later Archdeacon and \Ticar General. He had four sons and six daughters, bought Deer Park, and died in 1816 at the age of 80.

Marshal Clarke, on marrying Betty, became one of the family, living in the same house in Cashel. The similarity of names between the young Clarkes and Hares is remarkable.

John, who inherited Deer Park and married Eliza Croly, was the only son with descendents. He had thirteen children, well documented in BLGI under O'Hehir.

The Hare family is linked with the following names: Atkinson, Croker, Dillon, Gibson, Hemphill, Hore, Mansergh, Pennyfather, Phipps, Tayler, Vincent, Wilde, Westropp.

The origins of Marshal Clarke

An undated letter written by one of Rev. Marshal's daughters to her niece Eliza Roe was discovered in a writing cabinet belonging to Paddy Clarke. It read:

"The Clarkes originally came over with Cromwell. My grandfather was Sir John Clarke. He married three times and my father was the youngest son of the third wife, who was a Miss Anderson, a lady highly connected. My father came to Dublin when he was 18 and went through Trinity College with the greatest credit. While there his father died and left his landed property among his sons. Marshal gave his share to his stepbrother Sam as his own brothers were dead. He then went to Cashel "

Tradition provides further information :

The ease of substantiating Marshal of the 88th Foot contrasted strangely with the difficulty encountered in other directions.

According to military records Marshal Clarke retired from the 88th Foot in 1821 and opted not to be called upon for further service. He was married at Convoy, Co. Donegal, on 29th December 1826, but there is no record of children. He was married a second time in 1845 to Lydia Allen, who survived him, at the Chapel of Ease, Donaghmore. He lived at Cavan, near Stranorlar, and died there in 1850.

His sole apparent connexion with Tipperary is that he was serving in the Tipperary Militia when he was recommended by Col. Bagwell in 1813 for a line commission as ensign. He was "19 years of age, 5ft 6 ins. high and fit in all respects for active commissioned service."

The age was false; he was born in 1786. It seems likely that what brought him to Tipperary was being educated, boarded, and possibly even brought up by his Uncle Marshal.

With regard to Sir John Clarke, said to be the father of our Marshal Clarke of Cashel, the only person who bears this name and title and lived at the right time was a captain in the Royal Navy who was knighted on 31st January 1772 and died in Madras on 11th October 1776, having been relieved through sickness of command of H.M.S. Dolphin the previous February. It will be noted that the date of death (1776) fits in with the statement in the above letter that Marshal's father died whilst he was at Trinity College, Dublin, because Marshal was admitted there in 1774. Moreover, it is recognised in genealogy that a person normally knows the name of his or her grand- father. The parentage, therefore, as given in the letter, may be accepted, if not as proven, at least with reasonable confidence.


(Corrections and additions to article

From further research and from the comments most gratefully received on my article of last year, certain corrections and additions should be made to the text.

R. L. Clarke.

Paddy Clarke's first wife Mary Palliser Hickman, granddaughter of John Elliot of Glass House Barrowbank, died in 1823 aged 34. Her two sons named Marshal both died in infancy and Wray died in 1838 and is buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery. He married in 1829 his second wife Elizabeth daughter of John Willington of Willington House, N enagh. She was ten years older than him, a widow with thirteen children, and died in 1844. His third wife Katherine Butler of Castlecomer was the sister of his brother Robert's wife. Paddy was shot and bayoneted soon after the marriage. Of the three murderers Hawkins escaped to America, but Hayes, the in3tigator, and Rice were hanged publicly in June 1846. John Vincent, the son-in-law and partner, took over the estate, and the Vincents lived on at South Hill until the end of the century. The house is now a ruin.

His second daughter Eliza married in 1835 William, the eldest son of John Roe of Rockwell and Elizabeth Sankey. The Roes are descended from Sir Thomas Roe, Lord Mayor of London in 1568, and his brilliant grandson Sir Thomas the ambassador and explorer. William was also murdered by Lonergan, an evicted tenant, who was captured by identifying the material of the wad with the book from which it was torn; after which (1847) Rockwell was sold and the Roes left Ireland.

The son-in-law of William Roe and Anne Humphreys was David Beatty (not Beat tie) the son of Maj. Gen. Robert Beatty. His third daughter Mary married William Humphreys of Broomfield (not Bloomfield) whose sister Louisa married Mary's first cousin Marshal Banner, son of Robert Clarke of Bansha.

John Clarke enlisted in the 45th. Regt. and was commissioned in the Peninsula into the Sth Dragoon Guards; he did not command them. After the war he was appointed to the Spanish Embassy in St. Petersburg, but his runaway marriage ended his prospects and he was unwilling to revelt from being a Spanish general to his substantive rank of major in the British Army.

Marshal Clarke's book called "Summary of the Mahratta and Pindaree Campaign" by Carnaticus is in the War Office Library. It is a masterly work highly critical of his superiors and containing suggestions which if adopted might have averted the Indian M utiny .After retiring with a bounty he went into business in Calcutta and left the handsome sum of over 4,000 in specific bequests to his family and the poor of Cashel and Tipperary.

Samuel Clarke joined the 47th not the 87th Regt. He died of fever, but his regiment was in India not in the Peninsula.

Robert Clarke married Sarah Jane, who was the sister of Rev. Holford Banner of Bansha and daughter of Rev. Benjamin Holford Banner of Didcot Berks. His son Richard was the firstborn of his second wife Anne Butler of Castlecomer, and his son Charles Eldon married Amelia Butler of Drom in 1868.

Elizabeth Clarke married James Sadleir of Brookville near Tipperary. This family has no connexion with the Castletown Sadleir, being descended from John Sadleir, a Cromwellian who settled at Ballintemple and died in 1680. James' uncle Richard bought Kings Well and renamed it Sadleirs Wells.

Mary Clarke married Edward Long of Ardmayle (not Armoyle).

Jane Clarke had only two children. Stamer was a cousin of the Kilfrush branch. Mark Clarke's daughter Elizabeth married Judge Edward Falconer Lit ton as his second wife of four .

The Hares come from Kilinaboy (not Killmaboy) Co. Clare where the roofless church contains Rev. Patrick Hare's tomb and memorials to several O'Hehirs.

The Origins of Marshal Clarke.

An Unreliable Tradition and an Alternative Thesis

These notes have been written after recent research and a lot of correspondence involving Andrew Clarke, Michael Clarke, Dale Caragata and David Lindley (.March 2006 )

The tradition that Marshal Clarke’s father was a Sir John Clarke rests entirely on an undated letter said to be from one of Marshal Clarke’s daughters, we don’t know which one, to Eliza Roe, her niece and one of Marshal’s granddaughters. It could have been written in the 1840s or 50s. There is absolutely no other evidence to support the letter. In itself this is rather strange since it would be reasonable to expect a fair amount to be known and chronicled about such a distinguished ancestor.

The letter would have us accept the following

In the 1970s Ralph and Vernon Clarke reported finding only one person who even remotely fitted the Sir John Clarke bill - a Captain RN who died in Madras in October 1776. Despite much research then and since nothing at all can be found out about him except for the details of his service career which are very fully recorded in Naval (and East India Company )archives.

Unhappily for the tradition although this Sir John did die when Marshal was at TCD the records not only fail to offer any positive evidence that he was Marshal’s father but actually provide firm evidence that he was not. They show he can only have been about 20 in 1755 the year of Marshal’s birth. He was promoted Lieutenant that year having joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman in 1748 and served in Newfoundland and the West Indies in the intervening years. The letter would have us believe that in these 7 years as a teenager he had married three times and fathered at least five children. This and the complete lack of any other evidence must surely rule him out as a credible candidate.

What’s more there is no trace whatsoever of a Miss Anderson or of half brother Peter or Marshal’s elder brothers. Indeed there is only one bit of firm but rather puzzling evidence that “ half ” brother Samuel actually existed - Marshal left £100 to a brother called Samuel in his will.

The proposition that Marshal sold his share of his inheritance to Samuel in order to complete his education also seems a bit suspect . Marshal was a TCD Sizar and as a poor scholar would have had free Tuition and food since his arrival there in July1774 Had Sir John RN been his father the inheritance could not have reached him until say mid 1777 and somehow the notion that he was then in need of funds to continue his education at that stage has a false ring to it .

Taken as a whole the letter is an entirely unreliable basis for a credible tradition and should be treated as a work of fiction.

A much more likely but prosaic alternative which is supported by at least some facts is that Marshal’s family came from Donegal which is where TCD records say he was born .The fact that he was at Dr Lamy’s school at Raphoe supports this – it would not have attracted pupils from far and wide and must have had an essentially local catchment area. The probability of a Donegal base has been strengthened by recent research .We now know from Tithe records that a Lieutenant Marshal Clarke who was very probably Samuel’s son ( we cannot be absolutely sure) retired from Tipperary to live, marry twice and die only a few miles from Raphoe He is shown on the Donaghmore Parish Tithe list of 1828 with a holding of about 40 acres. Donaghmore is the Parish adjacent to Raphoe to the south. The fact that a “ Lieutenant from Donaghmore” was one of the contributors to Patrick Clarke’s Murder Reward Fund in 1843 clearly marks him as a member of the family and the most likely explanation for him being there is that there were family ties in the area. There were certainly several Clarke families living close to Raphoe in the late 18th Century. The Spinning Wheel Premium Lists of 1796 which have less than a score of Clarke families in the Donegal area show a Samuel Clarke ( could it have been brother Samuel ? ) farming in Donaghmore Parish and no fewer than 4 Clarke families farming in Raphoe Parish itself with 4 more in Raymoghy the adjacent Parish to the north.

Of course we are dealing in probabilities and, 250 years after the event, we must now accept that we shall never know the truth. But the case against there ever having been a Sir John seems overwhelming and the case for a local Donegal family of Clarkes living in the Raphoe area now looks really rather strong which makes Marshal’s subsequent achievements all the more remarkable.

Michael Clarke